Some cases of canine hyoadrenocorticism (addisons disease) are due to auto-antibody production against the adrenal glands. In Addisons Disease the immune system targets and destroys the Adrenal glands. This results in the deficiency of two hormones glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. Cortisol combats stress and maintains blood sugar while aldosterone (a mineralocorticoid ) regulates,water, potassium, and chloride in the body.
Addisons is a treatable disease and once stable dogs will enjoy a relatively normal life
If steroid drug therapy is withdrawn too quickly it can result in Addisons symptoms
Addisons disease can be progressive or can present as an Addisons crisis ,in either case treatment must be sought immediately
Lack of appetite
cold to the touch, shaky,
Sudden collapse and shock
Diarrhoea - sometimes contains blood
Increased urine production
Your vet will perform various tests to confirm the disease, the main one being an ACTH stimulation test
Treatment will involve great dedication and observation on the part of the owner to stabalise the condition, regular vet visits to monitor response to treatment are vital.
Steroid replacement therapy may be considered along with daily salt nd replacement mineralcorticoids such as Florinef
All the above MUST be tailored to suit the individual dog and closely monitored until stable
Stress is an important consideration with an Addisonian dog so be sure to mention to your vet if you anticipate a stressful event as he may need to change medication to keep the dog well.
Physical as well as mental stress should be avoided if possible
Any medication prescribed MUST be administered exactly as prescribed and any changes such as vomiting should be reported to your vet.
Regular visits to your vet, every couple of weeks initially until the dog is stable to every 6 months